THE ART OF AGING – Part V: Friends

A Friend In Need
Cassius Marcellus Coolidge 1903

Friends come, they go, and they stay. There are instant friends—you know, the ones you click with on first meeting. There are passing friends—the ones you connect with on an overseas trip or special work project, and even though you stay in touch via technology, the friendship link soon dissipates. Maintaining long-distance friendships is difficult at the best of times. One also can’t ignore that with aging comes changes in our friendships.

And, there are the friends that some people have that become part of their forever life.

Friendship … is born at the moment when one says to another “What! You too? I thought that no one but myself C. S. Lewis, THE FOUR LOVES

My sister has ‘forever’ friends—friends she met as a kid in elementary school, friends she made in high school, and friends she got to know in university. There are work colleagues from decades ago that she frequently visits with IN PERSON. There are neighbours and scrap-booking friends, culinary party friends, and my sister maintains friendly connections with aunts, uncles, and cousins. On top of all this, she is actively involved with her children and their friends, AND, she holds down a full-time career that often demands long days, short nights, and lost weekends.

So, what is it about my sister that friendships come easily, and how does she manage to remain ‘friendly’ with them all? A more important question might be, what does she get out of having these friends and the nurturing of bonds with them?

What is a friend?

In everyone’s life, at some time, our inner fire goes out. It is then burst into flame by an encounter with another human being. We should all be thankful for those people who rekindle the inner spirit. ― Albert Schweitzer

Finding definitions of ‘friend’ was easy. After sifting through both brief and lengthy explanations of the term, what they all agree upon is that:

  • Friends are those we want to have as companions;
  • Friends are those we like a lot;
  • Friends are those who are most likely not a family member.

A friend knows the song in your heart and can sing it back to you whenever you have forgotten how it goes. Unknown

We’ve Weathered the Storm Together M. Donat 2012

Types of Friendships

Aristotle wrote in 350 BC that there are three types of friendships—friendships of pleasure, of utility, and of virtue. Aristotle’s identification of friendship remains rudimentary to concepts and scientific studies about relationships. Concern for a friend for his/her sake rather than one’s own is a common factor universally agreed upon for each type of friendship.

21st Century psychologist Robert Wicks* purports that we need four types of friends in life, namely:

  • The Prophet – the friend who helps us question what or who is guiding/influencing our behaviour. There is no hiding from the prophet.
  • The Harasser – This friend “has a great sense of humour that helps us regain perspective when we take ourselves too seriously.” The harasser enables us to remain flexible when disaster strikes or when the winds of change blow.
  • The Cheerleader – this friend’s voice is the one we want to hear when disaster does strike, for s/he is supportive and calming.
  • The Inspirational/Spiritual friend strives with us to be all that we can be, without caring at what point we’ve started at.

Wicks’ friendship types align nicely with Aristotle’s in that the four categories include pleasure, virtue, and utility.

A Gathering of Friends Eustache Le Sueur 1640-1642

The Nature of Friendship

Friendships begin and evolve as a result of certain characteristics, those characteristics to include:

  • Mutual Caring – “Friends each care about the other, and do so for her/his sake;” (Helm, Fall 2017)

Caring about something or someone indicates that we place value on the object/person. Often, this caring is considered to be love.

  • Shared Activity – Relationships can morph into various types of friendship when it is mutually agreed upon as to the nature of the friendship. For example, is a friend someone who you can count on to go snowshoeing with you, or is this someone you see as a future parent for your children? Or, both?

Integral to friendships is that we share the same expectation(s) of each other.

Friendships take work!

DID YOU GET MY TEXT? M. Donat 2011

Friendship and Love

It’s all love or sex these days. Friendship is almost as quaint and outdated a notion as chastity. Soon friends will be like the elves and the pixies – fabulous mythical creatures from a distant past. ― C. S. Lewis

Speaking of love in friendship, when one marries a best friend, romance and sexual intimacy typically play a significant role in the relationship. However, beyond that, the marital relationship can include a depth of understanding, respect, and unselfish giving and caring that nourishes the relationship over decades.

Significant long-time relationships often require quality dedication and commitment beyond what one might normally invest in other types of friendships. It is the commitment and dedication to caring about your spouse/best friend beyond expectation of having your effort reciprocated, that takes energy and strategy.

Anger is the fluid love bleeds when cut. ― C. S. Lewis

This type of commitment is especially apparent when your BFF becomes ill, for example, and is unable to reciprocate your investment of time and effort. A former friend springs to mind who, at the beginning of his marriage, contracted a rare brain infection that required a year of hospitalization and recovery. His bride immediately flew the coop, determined not to invest time into a spouse that might end up disabled. Reactions like this certainly raise multiple questions about the type of friendship and the level of commitment that the married couple had. Moreso, it is a reminder that how we assess friends both transient and enduring is at the root of forming friendships.

I never considered a difference of opinion in politics, in religion, in philosophy, as cause for withdrawing from a friend. ― Thomas Jefferson

VISITING A SICK FRIEND ― Charles Désiré Hue 1830-1818

Making Friends

Wishing to be friends is quick work, but friendship is a slow ripening fruit. ― Aristotle

As we age, it can be more difficult to make friends. There are psychologists who attribute this to our becoming more particular with respect to the investment of time and effort that friendships take, especially as we understand that time is precious, that life isn’t going to last forever. Perhaps we recognize that our friendship needs are changing, so we seek out relationships that meet those needs. And, there’s research that says that as we age, our interest in group activity wanes. Is it possible that the reason for this is that we’ve reached the point in our evolution of not needing or wanting to procreate, so looking for a mate in social settings is less important?

Smile and make eye contact to let them know you are interested in interacting with them. Jeremy Nicholson PhD

So, what happens if you are an older adult/senior and you want to make friends? Following is a summary based on what experts have to say:

  1. Make a list of what you want in a friend.
  2. When meeting someone new, the goal is to build trust.
  1. Assess how they make you feel.
  2. Ask the potential friend to do an activity with you, setting a date on the calendar. Then assess your responses to the person when out together.
    • Do you truly want the best for him/her?
    • Is s/he toxic—not supportive, jealous, judgmental, controlling?
  3. Care / Love – If you end up caring for the person, a friendship is launched.

People who bore one another should meet seldom; People who interest one another, often. ― C. S. Lewis

Can I Have This Dance For The Rest Of My Life – M. Donat 2011

Losing Friends

We lose friends, and we step away from friendships as we age. Common reasons for friendships not surviving include:

So How Far is Eternity – M. Donat
  1. Time – When there’s less of it, we become more selective as to how we’re going to spend it;
  2. Intolerance – More importance is placed on substantial conversation and activity that benefit, with less tolerance for those who speak about or do things that don’t support wellbeing;
  3. Life has changed – a move, divorce, children, job change, death…
  4. One is wiser when investing in a friendships that take a lot of energy;

When time is valuable, when distance relationships are demanding, or when a relationship is severed, we may be forced to let go;

  1. Some we considered friends weren’t really friends at all.

A real friend is one who walks in when the rest of the world walks out. ― Walter Winchell

Friends with Family Members

Never Too Old – M. Donat

Friendship with a parent or sibling is a topic well researched with articles abundant, and a subject that the jury is still out on because of the many factors involved in these particular types of relationships. One such factor that does permeate literature on the matter is that the history one brings to a familial relationship is paramount to how the relationship is cultivated.

Of all my siblings, I consider the sister mentioned at the beginning of this article as a BFF! The others show minimal interest in friendships overall. Even their offspring don’t seem to be particularly close with each other, with their parents, or as cousins. Yet, my other siblings have known tremendous financial and career success, so perhaps they are examples of how time management and prioritizing can limit one’s investment in caring for others, especially as we age.

Friends are God’s way of apologizing to us for our families. ― Tennessee Williams

Facebook Friends

Since the launch of Facebook in 2004, nearly 25 billion users daily ‘befriend’ others. Enough time has passed since FB’s launch that scientists are able to collect substantial data as to FB’s impact on individuals and on social behaviour globally.

Psychologist and cognitive scientist at Yale University, Laurie Santos, says, “We spend hours on Facebook or Twitter, even though research suggests being on social media is associated with depression and anxiety.” Meanwhile, others argue that social messaging leads to real-life empathy.

Whether pro or anti FB, one thing is clear, our befriending activity with those afar is made possible with technology, a connection that would otherwise be less likely to occur.


Furry Friends

Henri Matisse and his cat, Minouche

Friendships with pets remains touted as one of the healthiest relationships for people of all ages, going so far as to claim benefits such as decreased blood pressure, decreased cholesterol levels, and decreased triglyceride levels (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, 15 April 2019). Is it accurate to call our relationship with a pet a friendship?

If one were to consider the characteristics of friendship with a pet to that of a humanoid, certainly our relationship with our pet(s) is a match. My question instead might be, do our human friendships lower our blood pressure and decrease our cholesterol and triglyceride levels?

Finishing Up

Quality, not quantity, seems to be the theme of friendships as we age. I don’t know how my sister manages to beat the odds and maintain quality friendships for decades with numerous people, but she does, and as she ages, she continues to do so with aplomb! What I do know is that her being an honest, transparent, generous, compassionate, empathetic person with a moral and ethical code has attracted to her people that show up for her whenever life goes sideways. She is loved.

My own experience with friendships both near and far is that the holding power in these relationships, as varied in their Aristotelian types, is:

  • Respect for one another;
  • Honouring the elements that bind the friendship;
  • Commitment to the investment necessary to the relationship – truly caring for another;
  • Trust.

Misfortune tests the sincerity of friends. ― Aesop

Three Birds in Hats – C. Shores Wright

It is said there’s a fine line between love and hate, so even though I might feel love for a friend, it’s easier not to frame the relationship in that way, or hold the relationship ransom because of love, a word that continues to elude scholars for millennia. Simply put, it often boils down to whether or not a person makes us happy.

I’ve learned that we seldom have enough information about someone to accurately make final decisions about a relationship. In this vein, I’ve seen gossip destroy friendships that otherwise might have been beneficial – gossip based on a lack of information or misinformation.

I’ve learned that giving without the expectation of receiving can be rewarding, but seldom results in forever friendships. We bring our needs to every relationship with the expectation of having them met or fulfilled at some level. This need goes deeper than what can be had by accessing a professional caregiver.

BROKEN TRUST – Isaac Maimon

I’ve learned that not having a friendship quality list or criteria often left me disappointed when a friendship ended or never took off as I thought it might. I’d assume full responsibility for the severance, wondering what it was that I might have said or done to cause someone to no longer invest in our relationship. In other words, I bore guilt for that which was out of my control. One’s words or actions are easily misinterpreted by another, and for a variety of reasons, even if our words and actions are delivered with the best of intentions. The social filters and personal codes we construct in life play an active role in our interactions with others. I’m learning to lose the guilt!

A more difficult thing to learn was that close connections with someone in a particular situation does not necessarily provide roots for a lasting friendship. There are those we come in contact with that provide a deep, meaningful relationship experience that is strictly governed by time, situation, and so on.

And finally, I’ve learned that it is difficult, if not impossible, to salvage a relationship when trust is severed, chipped away at, broken. Betrayal is a lethal poison in any relationship.

We’re told that having friends is essential to our wellbeing. As older adults, the quality of our friendships is what will keep the sparkle in life.

Friendship is… one of those things that give value to survival. ― C. S. Lewis

Contemporary artists featured herein —

Margaret Donat | Isaac Maimon. | Carolyn Shores Wright

… “Welcome to hell!” A visible shudder ripples through my aunt’s shoulders… The train of passengers, privileged and otherwise, trudges in the rain through a corridor of guards with machine guns… Finn leans back in his chair. The acrobatic cigarette once again flips through its moves in his left hand while his right hand thumb flicks the lighter on and off. “Knives are quick, noiseless, and convenient to carry. Those guys were in and out of there before anyone would have noticed that she was slain.”… Four footsteps. I sense a presence next to me… the smell of onions and garlic… the bureau drawer sliding open… a gentle touch on my shoulder slipping down my arm… cold fingers placing something soft into my hands… It’s when she mounts the rostrum that I see her four-inch stilettos, daggers to be sure, transporting her naked, unshaven legs…

Zita Anders spends her summer vacation visiting her father in one of the former Soviet republics of Central Asia where she experiences the poverty, corruption, and perversion that rake the newly independent nation her father has come to call home. ROSE IN A BROKEN BOTTLE is Zita’s account of the people, their land, and their hardships, of the fear and scourge, of the beauty and joy in a country that is so very broken. Her narrative is about the hope and loving relationships that emerge midst that brokenness. Inspired by a true story. | Analynn Riley is a Canadian author. BUY IT HERE

ROSE in a BROKEN BOTTLE – Adult novel based on a true story
NINE GIFTS- with Study Guide
THE CURSE – with Study Guide
RUSH of the RAVEN’S WINGS – Youth short story with Study Guide
NO PASSPORT FOR ÉTIENNE – Short story inspired by true events
THEFT OF BABY ILY – Short story inspired by true events
MYSTERY of the SINGING GHOST – with Study Guide
MYSTERY of the TRACTOR GHOST – with Study Guide
MYSTERY of the THREE SISTERS – with Study Guide
MYSTERY of the LOST CELL PHONE – with Study Guide
TEDDY MEETS KIBOKO – Children’s novel with Study Guide
KIDNAPPED SANTA – Children’s novel with Study Guide

Arrow & the Song
May the Road Rise to Meet You
Nobody Knows The Trouble I’ve Seen
Looking Back
Can’t help Lovin’ That Man
Young As The Spring
Danny Boy | Too-Ra-Loo | How Ireland Got Its Name

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